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Residences in Normandy
Residences in Normandy
from the
Census
Electoral Registers
The Rate Books & Land Tax Records
Wyke/Normandy Wills of Surrey
Manorial Court Books of Cleygate Manor
1940 Farming Survey

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All Excel files in Microsoft Excel 2000 file format
Census
Residences in Normandy 1781-1891
(40kb)
  MSS216
but excluding Wyke and Willey Green
Compiled from the Land tax, Tithe map, Manor of Cleygate court books,
Census and Poor rate books
by John Squier 2002.
 
Censuses of Wyke 1841-1881
Wyke - Heads of Household
(56kb) .................... (37kb)
MSS287

MSS287

1841 Census

........(22kb)...............(12kb)....................(12kb)

  MSS214   Analysis   Source Reference
Reference HO107/1080, enumeration district 1. Tithing of Normandy, parish of Ash.
Extracts of details of heads of household or working adults only.
(Note: In the 1841 census, ages are usually rounded down to the nearest 5 years)

1851 Census
(22kb)
  MSS214-2a
Reference HO107/1596. District: Farnborough, Subdistrict: Farnborough,
Enumeration district: 4. Enumerator: Mr James Waters.
Parish of Ash, that part known as Normandy.
Extracts of details of heads of household or working adults only.
Note that the sequence of the 1851 records looks jumbled, unlike other years.
It appears that the enumerator filled in one house per page, then went back and reused
pages later in his perambulation.

1861 Census
(21kb)
  MSS214-2b
Reference RG9/434. District: Farnborough, Subdistrict: Farnborough,
Enumeration district: 2. Enumerator: Matthew Collins.
Part of the parish of Ash, including Cleygate Manor Farm and Henley Park.
Extracts of details of heads of household or working adults only.

1871 Census
(23kb)
  MSS214-2c
Reference RG10/820. District: Farnham, Subdistrict: Frimley,
Enumeration district: 12. Enumerator: John Stedman.
That part of the parish of Ash in the Wyke Ecclesiastical District,
including Cleygate Manor, Manor Farm and Henley Park.
Parish of Ash, Village of Normandy.
Extracts of details of heads of household or working adults only.

1881 Census
(31kb)
  MSS214-2d
Reference RG11/783. District: Farnham, Subdistrict: Frimley,
Enumeration district: 9, Enumerator: Mr Arthur Stedman.
Extracts of details of heads of household or working adults only.

Wyke Lodge Census
 
(13kb)...............(13kb)...............(13kb)
  1851 1861 1871 
 
(13kb)...............(13kb)
1881 1891
 
Reference: Extracts relating to Wyke Lodge and Wyke Cottage by Jack Kinder and Pat Ashworth (tabulated with amendments to relate to presumed, present named residences)

You can also download all the above as a Microsoft Excel 2000 file format
 
(191kb)
  MSS216-214

1901 Census of Normandy and Willey Green
(112kb)........................(38kb)
Normandy   Willey Green
 
You can also download as a Microsoft Excel 2000 file format
(240kb)
  MSS272

Extracts from the 2001 Census
New Page
Profile of Normandy 
(17kb)......................... (36kb)
  MSS238   MSS238

Normandy at start of the 21st century
From the 2001 and 2011 Census
(26kb)......................... (31kb)
  MSS324   MSS324
 
Wikipedia links
Census (in the United Kingdom)
Domesday Book
Top of Page
 
Extracts from Electoral Registers Held at Surrey History Centre, Woking (ref: CC802)
by Jack Kinder, Peter Blakiston and John Squier, 2000-2001.
 
Explanatory notes.
The extracts cover Normandy Ward, parish of Ash and Normandy, and that part of Worplesdon parish which included the Willey Green area. The registers were prepared annually or biannually. For those years where two registers were prepared in the year (1919 to 1925) only one (Spring) has been extracted. Researchers should be aware that the information was compiled at least 4 months before the register came into force.
 
The extracts begin in 1918 because Electoral Registers before 1918 seldom give a full address. From 1918 onwards most entries have an identifiable address.
 
The Electoral Registers are arranged in alphabetical sequence of voters’ names. These extracts have been re-arranged into alphabetical sequence of house name/number within road.
 
The Electoral Registers contain lists of people eligible to vote. The rules of eligibility changed from time to time, gradually extending the franchise. If there is no entry for a particular property in a particular year there are several possible reasons, for example:
- none of the occupants was eligible to vote, or
- the property was empty, or
- the property was known by another name at that time, or
- the property had not been built yet.

In many properties there were several individuals eligible to vote. However, the registers give no indication of age or relationships or ‘head of household’ status. In most of these extracts, only surnames have been recorded and each different surname only appears once for each property. The purpose of these extracts is thus to provide a quick reference to when families ‘came and went’ and, to a certain extent, when properties appeared and disappeared.

Where there is a "(Same)" in the box for a property for a year, it means the same surname appears as in the previous year.
 
The spelling of names has been copied exactly and it is obvious in some cases that errors exist in the original registers. It is also possible that transcription errors have been introduced in the preparation of these extracts. Anyone researching a particular family or property should consult the original registers to verify the details and to find additional information.
 
(113kb)....................(43kb)....................(71kb)
  Intro 1918-23 1924-29
 
(66kb)....................(79kb)....................(83kb)
  1930-34 1935-39 1945-50

You can also download all the above as a Microsoft Excel 2000 file format
(532kb)
  MSS184
Wikipedia links
Electoral Registers
Top of Page
 
The Rate Books &
Land Tax Records
Local rates, rate books and poor rate
The first poor rate was imposed by an act of 1597-1598. However this was re-enacted in the 1601 Act for the Relief of the Poor that introduced compulsory rating throughout the country. Rate books were compiled in order to keep a record of each person's assessment and whether or not it had been paid. However it is rare to find a complete series of rate books surviving from the 17th century. An Act of Parliament of 1744 gave residents the right to inspect rate books.

 The Old Poor Law (1601 Act)
The Poor Law was established by Acts of 1597 and 1601, and placed responsibility for the poor firmly in the hands of the parish. The 1601 Act ordered the appointment of overseers of the poor and their accounts often show payments made to the poor. Funds were derived mainly from the poor rate.
Once the principle of compulsory rating had been adopted it was used to raise money for all sorts of purposes besides the relief of the poor. These included repair and maintenance of highways, bridges, gaols, sewers, and general improvements. Compulsory church rates were used to raise money for the upkeep of the fabric of the church and were finally abolished in 1868 when Gladstone's Compulsory Church Rates Abolition Bill was passed but they could still be levied on a voluntary basis.
 
In the 19th century, various Acts of Parliament were passed to enable rates to be imposed for works which would benefit the community, without first taking the matter through Parliament, for example the Museum Act 1845, the Baths and Wash-houses Act 1846/7, the Public Libraries Acts 1850 & 1855 and the Recreation Grounds Act 1859. District Councils were formed in 1894, and were given the authority to collect rates from householders in their district.
 
Gradually the rates became the major source of local authority income. On 1st April 1927 the Rating and Valuation Act (1925) came into force and introduced a new system of levying local taxation. Under the Local Government Act 1929 Boards of Guardians were finally abolished and their powers were transferred to local authorities.
(108kb)
  MSS144
(71kb)
  MSS144

Ash Rate Books - MSS144-1916 to MSS144-1961

1916 (36kb)

1917 (36kb)

1918 (34kb)

1924 (41kb)

1925 (44kb)

1927 (47kb)

1928 (50kb)

1929 (41kb)

1930 (37kb)

1931 (39kb)

1932 (38kb)

1933 (50kb)

1934 (51kb)

1935 (55kb)

1936 (55kb)

1938 (58kb)

1941 (58kb)

1942 (56kb)

1943 (54kb)

1944 (52kb)

1953 (62kb)

1954 (62kb)

1955 (63kb)

1956 (63kb)

1960 (67kb)

1961 (72kb)

Wikipedia links
Poor Law
Church Rates

The Land Tax Records cover 1780 to 1831
Transcribed by Sally Sherwood
 
Explanatory notes.
Sally Sherwood, a member of Normandy Historians, transcribed from the original records held at The Surrey Record Office (now The Surrey History Centre), the tax returns for most properties in the general area of Normandy, Wyke and Willey Green (the relevant part of Worplesdon now in Normandy), stating the owner, occupier and rental value of each property together with the occasional interest detail.
 
However, that work was rather repetitive because most properties did not change owner or tenant from year to year. Sally’s original work has been summarised therefore. The summary is an excellent reference vehicle for the family history researcher.
 
(112kb)
  Intro
 
(30kb)....................(16kb)....................(18kb)
  Normandy Worplesdon Wyke

You can also download all the above as a Microsoft Excel 2000 file format
(66kb)
  MSS226-7
Top of Page
 
Wyke/Normandy Wills of Surrey
(With references to Ash, Aldershot and Worplesdon)
There exists at The Surrey History Centre, Woking, Surrey a series of hard-back notebooks pertaining to "Old Wills of Surrey" containing précised notes compiled by Cliff Webb from original wills held at The London Metropolitan Archives.

In 2009, Christopher J H Pettitt of Wyke, Normandy, Surrey and member of Normandy Historians, copied extracts (in manuscript), from those notebooks that were relevant to families, who at one time were either resident in Wyke or thereabouts or had an interest in property within the then parish of Wyke. (c.1520 - 1820), which together with similar extracts from microfiche records held personally by Christopher, are held by Normandy Historians.

Stephen Cranstone of Aldershot (a member of Normandy Historians), transcribed and digitalised Christopher's manuscript notes presented here, but the reader should be reminded that although care has been taken in the transfer of data, viewing of the original wills at The London Metropolitan Archives is recommended.
 
(67kb)................................(106kb)
  MSS280   MSS280
 
Wikipedia links
Wills (in Law)
Top of Page
 
Cleygate Manor
Manorial Court Books
Manorialism is the organization of rural economy and society in the medieval period, characterised by the vesting of legal and economic power in a lord supported economically from his own direct landholding and from the obligatory contributions of a legally subject part of the peasant population under his jurisdiction. These obligations could be payable in labour, "in kind" or, money.
 
Here are some analysis from the Manorial Court Books of Cleygate Manor.
 
Personal Names
(36kb).................(47kb)
  1513 - 1563   1564 - 1604
(92kb).................(116kb)
  1615 - 1716   1717 - 1936
 
The Descent of Cleygate Manor
Lords of the Manor of Cleygate
A summary of owners, being the lords of the manor
 
(122kb).................(47kb)
  MSS215-1   MSS215-1
 
Wikipedia links
Manorialism
Top of Page
 
1940 Farming Survey
 
Explanatory notes.
In 1940 the Government commissioned a National Land Survey for farms over 5 acres. The survey was very detailed, not just to list crops, livestock and acreage but also the condition of the land, houses, drainage, fences, availability of public services and the ability of the farmer to manage the farm. It became apparent that the quality of farming at that time left a lot to be desired. Of the 26 farms listed, only four were given the highest classification, Henley Park Farm (Robert Turner), East Wyke Farm (Sherwood brothers), R & J Marshall at Glaziers Lane and Vaglefield Farm (Fred Ward).
 
Thirteen farms were put into the lowest category and the most frequent reasons given for this lower classification were lack of knowledge and experience on the part of the farmer and the perennial lack of capital. No less than seven farms were run on a part-time basis. In one case the main occupation of the farmer was a bus driver and in another, an engineer. The survey had an early effect on certain farms in the village. Several were required to plough up some of their grass for cereals or vegetables, although not all had the equipment for heavy ploughing and others were advised on how to get the best out of their fields. The Ministry, concerned that Bales Farm could be better used, asked the Baldreys at nearby Whipley Farm to take over the running of the farm.
 
Land girls were drafted into the village. Some worked regularly for one farmer only, whilst others helped on various farms either as individuals or in a group as the work dictated.
 
A preliminary survey was performed in 1940-41, and the full survey took place in 1941-43. Thus, the 'years occupancy' column has to be teated with care. For example, Messrs. Vokes appear to have been at Henley Park for 6 months or 2 years, according to different entries.
 
(118kb)..................(25kb)
  MSS118   MSS118
 
You can also download this in Microsoft Excel 2000 file format
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and the War Memorial

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